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Cryptocurrency Explained: Pros and Cons of Crypto Investment

Cryptocurrency Explained

Cryptocurrency is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange. It uses cryptography to secure and verify transactions as well as to control the creation of new units of a particular cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrencies are classified as a subset of digital currencies and are also classified as a subset of alternative currencies and virtual currencies.

What is cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security. The first cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, was invented in 2009 by an anonymous person who called himself Satoshi Nakamoto.

Cryptographic currencies work like regular money but they’re completely digital and they use encryption to secure transactions and control the creation of new units of a particular cryptocurrency (the amount of coins that can be created). Cryptocurrencies are not controlled by any government or central bank; instead, they are managed by peer-to-peer networks similar to file-sharing networks like BitTorrent.

Two ways to earn cryptocurrencies are mining and trading. Crypto cloud mining is a way to mine cryptocurrencies without having to purchase your own equipment. Trading cryptocurrencies is a great way to make money. But this is only for those who are willing to take the risk because trading is like gambling. To effectively trade, many investors are using trading bot.

How does it work?

Cryptocurrency is a form of digital currency that is not regulated by any government or central bank. It can be stored in a digital wallet and traded on exchanges, which are online platforms where people buy and sell cryptocurrencies.

Cryptocurrency was created to be a medium of exchange independent from traditional banking systems. Cryptocurrency is also known as “digital cash,” because it has all the qualities of cash: it’s portable, divisible, durable, and fungible (meaning that every unit is valued equally).

The most popular types of cryptocurrencies are Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH). Bitcoin was first released in 2009 by an unknown person using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Today there are over 22,000 other types available on exchanges around the world with total market value exceeding $1.28 Trillion USD as of 2023.

Types of Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrency Explained

Cryptocurrency is a digital currency, and it can be used as both an investment and a payment method. Cryptocurrency does not have any physical form and only exists in digital form on the internet. It was created to be used as an alternative to traditional currencies like dollars, euros or pounds sterling.


Utility tokens are used to access a product or service. They can be used for the purchase of goods and services, but they don’t offer any rights or equity in the company that issued them.

These types of cryptocurrencies aren’t considered securities, because they don’t give investors any ownership in the issuing company. Utilities also have a fixed function: you can only use them within that specific ecosystem (e.g., buying plane tickets). Because they don’t provide ownership rights or dividends like stocks do, their value is tied directly to demand for whatever good or service they’re being exchanged for–and how many people want it at once.


The most common type of cryptocurrency is the transactional coin. These coins are used to transfer value from one person to another, and they can be used to buy goods or services.

There are many different types of transactional coins, including Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), and Ripple (XRP). They’re all different from each other in several ways: their technology; how much they cost; who created them; who supports them; what their market cap is(the total value of all coins in circulation); how liquidly traded on exchanges they are; whether there’s any inflationary risk associated with holding them long term; and more.


You may have heard the word “platform” being used in reference to cryptocurrency. Platforms are a way to use blockchain technology and create an application on top of it. The most popular examples of platforms include Ethereum, NEO, Cardano, EOS and others that are still being developed.

Platforms differ from other types of cryptocurrencies because they’re not just currencies – they can be used as utility tokens or security tokens as well.

Security tokens

Security tokens are like shares of a company. They’re backed by real assets and regulated, so they’re more expensive than utility tokens. On the other hand, security tokens are not as liquid since they’re not available on every exchange or even over-the-counter (OTC).

Are Cryptocurrencies Safe Investments?

The truth is, while they may seem very appealing, there are plenty of pros and cons that you should be aware of before making the jump. For starters, the currencies aren’t backed by any physical goods, like silver and gold traditionally have been. This means that unlike with precious metals, there are no tangible assets to protect your investment.

The other downside is that cryptocurrencies are completely unregulated. With fiat currency (like dollars), governments closely monitor activities in the market and regulate exchanges to ensure that everything runs smoothly. With cryptocurrencies, there isn’t any oversight from the government—it’s basically a free-for-all out there.

As a result, it’s extremely easy for scammers to take advantage of people looking to invest in the currency or trade it for other coins or fiat currency: think of all those emails promising you quick riches from some “secret banking clan” if you just hand over your social security number and birth date! Scams like this are very common within the cryptocurrency market, and they can be devastating to someone who isn’t aware of how common they are before investing in one.

User risk

Some user risks are:

  • The risk of losing your cryptocurrency.
  • The risk of losing your private keys.
  • The risk of losing your password or other authentication information, such as 2FA (two-factor authentication).
  • The risk of having your computer or mobile device stolen and hacked while you’re not looking at it, resulting in the loss of all funds stored on that device’s wallet software (e.g., Bitcoin Core).

Regulatory risks

Cryptocurrency is a relatively new technology, and regulators are still figuring out how to handle it. There are many risks involved with cryptocurrency that you should be aware of before making any investments. Some countries have banned cryptocurrency altogether, while others have not.

In the United States alone there are several regulatory bodies that oversee different aspects of the crypto market: The Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) regulates initial coin offerings (ICOs), while The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) oversees futures contracts on Bitcoin. 

Meanwhile, The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) collects taxes on profits made from trading cryptocurrencies in their taxable years 2017-2018. Also, there’s The Federal Reserve System which issues currency notes backed by gold reserves held by its member banks.

Counterparty risks

Counterparty risk is the risk that the other party to a contract will not fulfill their obligation. Counterparty risk occurs in any financial transaction where one party is dependent on another party to fulfill its obligations, and it’s often referred to as credit risk.

For example, if you have a loan with your bank and they default on paying back the money they owe you, then your counterparty has failed to honor their side of the deal.

Programming risks

There are a number of risks associated with the software that runs cryptocurrency. These include:

  • Software bugs. Bugs in software can cause problems for users, ranging from minor inconveniences to complete system failure. For example, if you’re using a mobile wallet and it crashes while you’re making a transaction, you could lose access to your funds or make an irreversible mistake that can’t be undone (like sending money to the wrong address).
  • Security flaws. Cryptocurrency security is still very new and evolving rapidly; there are currently no established best practices for keeping crypto safe from hackers or thieves–and none of the tools being developed today will provide perfect protection against every threat forever.


We hope that this article has helped you understand the basics of cryptocurrency and its potential as an investment. While it’s important to keep in mind that there are risks involved with any type of investment, we believe that cryptocurrencies are here to stay and will eventually become a part of our everyday lives.

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Dyka Smith
Dyka Smith is a content marketing professional at Inosocial, an inbound marketing and sales platform that helps companies attract visitors, convert leads, and close customers. Previously, Dyka worked as a marketing manager for a tech software startup. She graduated with honors from Columbia University with a dual degree in Business Administration and Creative Writing.

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